Capital cities are a global phenomenon, but in the Middle East, the rich are not, says a new report by the Brookings Institution.
The report, entitled The City of the Future, looks at the changing nature of cities around the world, including in the Arab world.
It reveals that the capital cities of Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Bahrain are struggling with high unemployment, low living standards and lack of infrastructure.
“The capital cities have been transformed into more of a destination for international trade and investment, but not for economic growth,” said Andrew McAfee, Brookings’ deputy director of the Metropolitan Policy Program and the author of the report.
There are now two major cities in the region, Dubai and Abu Dhabi.
Dubai has more than 400 million people, while Abu Dhabi has more more than 1.4 billion.
Abu Dhabi has emerged as a top economic engine, according to the report, with its economy growing at a healthy rate of 5.3 per cent a year in 2016.
This is mainly due to a strong middle class and a strong tourism industry.
However, it has also seen a rise in pollution and a growing inequality gap.
According to the Brookings report, Abu Dhabi’s per capita income is only slightly higher than that of Riyadh and Kuwait.
Dubai is a city of around 1.5 million people and has a per capita GDP of around $3,600.
However, in contrast to Dubai, its middle class is more well-educated and its housing stock is much more modern.
Many cities across the region have become destinations for international tourism.
The report says that in some of these cities, like Abu Dhabi, the wealth of the middle class has dropped in recent years.
One reason for this is the lack of good public transport and public transport connections.
In addition, a recent study by Brookings’ Economic Policy Institute found that Dubai’s infrastructure, including roads, bridges and ports, is falling behind other Gulf cities.
Furthermore, there are few places for the middle classes to live and work.
While Dubai is a major hub of international trade, many countries in the Gulf do not export their goods to the UAE, the report says.
More than half of the UAE’s GDP is generated by exports, and many of its citizens do not have jobs and are struggling to make ends meet.
Despite the challenges, Dubai’s wealth continues to rise, according the report: In 2018, the Emirati’s net worth was $3.2 trillion, while Dubai’s was $1.5 trillion.
Capital cities and high-end retail stores are the major sources of income for many of the country’s people, according this report.
They also have a major impact on the local economy.
A growing middle class means that the city of Abu Dhabi is not a destination that the wealthy want to move to.
These problems have led to the emergence of two cities that are already competing for global investment and growth, while also providing affordable housing.
For the Middle Eastern region, there is now a growing gap between the rich and the poor, according McAfee.
Over the past five years, the median income of the urban population has risen by around 30 per cent, but the median household income has fallen by around 70 per cent.
If the rich continue to own more than half the country, they will soon be able to afford to buy and rent housing, while the middle-class population has to compete for jobs, which means more of them will have to live in substandard conditions.
McAfee points out that in many ways, the Arab Spring of 2011 has created an opportunity for the Middle Arab world to break free from its colonial past.
Since then, the region has been in a transition period, and McAfee says that the region’s future will be a place where the rich live in luxurious homes, while poor people have to commute to work or go to school.
Follow The National’s Middle East and North Africa Correspondent Samir Amin on Twitter: @SamirAmin